I think the history of illuminated manuscripts is fascinating. As students in the United States, when we see images of old documents we see things such as the original handwritten version of The Declaration of Independence, written in ink on parchment in A Brief History of Manuscripts Before the invention of the printing press in the 15th century, all documents had to be written by hand. It was a labor-intensive, time-consuming process. Ancient drawings and writings were created on a variety of material including bone, rock, stone, clay tablets, wax, wood, and leather. The Egyptians invented papyrus from the papyrus plant prior to BC and this material was used for thousands of years. Often the papyrus pieces were sewn together and rolled into scrolls. Few fragments survive today because papyrus is not durable and generally lasts for only a generation or two. During the 2nd century, the scroll format was gradually replaced with a book format called codex, or the plural codices , containing folded folios, sewn and bound together with a cover. Therefore, using papyrus in codices was gradually replaced by parchment, which is very durable.
The story of garden photography, from Victorian daguerreotypes to Martin Parr
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Dating daguerreotypes image is on a mirror-like silver surface, normally kept under glass, and will appear either positive or negativedepending on the angle at which it is viewed, how it is lit and whether a light or dark background is being reflected in the metal.
The box always looks roughly the same. Not long after I took up genealogy in , I began inheriting boxes and bags like those, and they all had lots of photographs — old ones. The photographs from the latter half of the 20th century are easiest to identify. Most times, I know the subject; if not, the bell-bottoms or dark wall paneling scream As you move back in time, what gets harder to identify are the black-and-white photographs.
Some have dates printed along their white borders; others have dates stamped on the back. Great-grandparents, cousins, aunts, and uncles can also be identified, if not on sight, then by context.
Shah of Shahs
While Whipple was experimenting and working as a chemist, several Boston men had already opened daguerreian studios. The competition in the city, certainly in all the eastern major population centers, was absolutely fierce. The primitive sixthplate Figure
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The Stamford Historical Society, Photographic Archives
The State Capitol building was built in the s in a typical neo Classical style but the colorful gardens, extending over several blocks, with tall palms and numerous other species of trees and plants, make the building one of the most beautiful Capitol buildings in the United States. Several rooms are dedicated to the State Capitol Museum, with portraits and various other artworks, as well as antiques. Since December a bronze group sculpture, the Vietnam War Memorial, has stood in the northeast part of Capitol Park L and 15th Street ; its construction was entirely funded by donations, and it commemorates those who sacrificed their lives in the longest war involving the USA.
With a floor area for exhibits of over , sq. It houses restored locomotives and railway coaches of all ages. Almost all the wagons can be viewed inside.
Included are daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, and tintypes dating from the s through s. Also present are some painted miniature portraits as well as other photographic processes such as opalotypes, pannotypes, crystoleum prints, and selected salted paper photographic prints from the .
President for its permanent collection. In March , Adams visited the Washington, D. President to have his likeness captured through the new medium of photography. At the time, he was serving in Congress as a U. To have acquired this unique piece of American history on the eve of our 50th anniversary has particular resonance because one of our goals is to remind people that the individual actions of our leaders and how we record their legacies impact the future.
Found Horace Everett [U. Haas took him once, and then with his consent took me three times, the second of which he said was very good—for the operation is delicate: Smithsonian collections include two other daguerreotypes of Adams.
The American Daguerreotype: Floyd Rinhart, Marion Rinhart: : Books
The Yashimaflex was quickly followed up with a model called the Pigeonflex. It is hard to find information about these two cameras as they did not sell well, especially outside of Japan. Copies in good condition are extremely rare these days. Although the Yashima TLRs were nice cameras that were capable of great shots, Yashima struggled with sales of these models, especially outside of Japan as the world was not yet ready for a Japanese made camera based off a German designed camera.
A tintype, also known as a melainotype or ferrotype, is a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic es enjoyed their widest use during the s and s, but lesser use of the medium persisted into the early 20th century and it has been revived as a novelty and fine.
Photograph by Carleton Watkins Am. Nearly 1, lots will be sold. Session I — the stamps and exonumia — will be sold on Saturday, April 2nd. The stamps are from a two-generation collection begun in the s by a prominent family in Andover that operated a woolen mill facility for years in town. The collection has never before been seen at auction and will include plate blocks, commemoratives, air mails, first day covers and international albums.
Exonumia, from an Ipswich family collection, will also be sold April 2nd and immediately following stamps will feature Civil War and Hard Times tokens, table medals, commemoratives, advertising, political and presidential examples, fraternal and membership-themed medals and tokens, prize medals, merchant tokens, art medals, transportation tokens, currency, encased coins and stamps and institutional awards.
Star lots will feature a John Adams, Esq. Presidential campaign medal from , a group of 12 Civil War-era postage stamps encased in brass and mica so they could more easily be protected and exchanged as currency, a lot of 22 Civil War and Hard Time tokens City Hall New York, Mahony’s Clothes Warehouse, etc.
Ask yourself these questions: What kind of photograph is it? Different types of photographic processes were used during different time periods:
Daguerreotypes: Image courtesy of Joan L. Severa, Dressed for the Photographer: Ordinary Americans and Fashion, , In , Frederick Scott Archer developed the collodian process, which allowed unlimited positive prints to be produced from one negative glass plate image.
Born into a wealthy, landed family he enjoyed throughout his years the means to live as his whim took him, to pursue single-mindedly his passions and his curiosity. Naturally gifted as an artist and with the further gifts of an enquiring mind and practical determination, he focused on specific cultural pursuits, notably the investigation of architectural history as a route to the greater understanding of civilisations separated by distance and by time from his own.
But perhaps his singular good fortune was as the beneficiary of a favourable confluence of circumstances that allowed him to set out on a voyage of exploration through the eastern Mediterranean in the early s equipped with a new technology capable of recording with dazzling and unprecedented fidelity the wondrous sights he beheld.
It is quite impossible for us today — spoilt children of the age of instant global transmission of photo-imagery — to even begin to grasp how thrilling was such a journey, and how exciting such a technical prospect as that promised by the daguerreotype. By the time he undertook his long Mediterranean odyssey as a photographer, Girault de Prangey had already established his credentials as a pioneering architectural historian.
Surviving artworks and other documents allow us to track his earliest exploratory travels. In he was in Venice, then Ravenna and Rome; the following year we find him in North Africa, in Algeria; then through and he travelled extensively in Spain where he made detailed pictorial records of significant architectural subjects. The potential of Daguerre’s process to make exact visual records was immediately recognised and exploited. On these silvered copper plates, suspended in the fine chemistry of the new photographic process, practitioners could capture with forensic precision the exact features of the physical world, natural or man-made.
Scientific instrument maker Nicholas Marie Paymal Lerebours revealed his entrepreneurial vision when he announced his plan to send daguerreotypists far and wide, charged with bringing back photographic images that he would then publish as lithographs showing the world as it was rather than as interpreted through the eye and embellishments of the artist. The resulting Excursions Daguerriennes, published between and , confirm the ambition and success of the project, with Lerebours able to select from submissions that embraced many of the lands of the Mediterranean as well as northern Europe and even North America and Moscow.
The disappointing reality, of course, is that only the lithographic transcriptions have survived.